South African Journal of Surgery
On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
NTLHE, Letlhogela M.; KOMATI, Stephanus M.; FOURIE, Pieter A. and ROSSOUW, Alewyn P.. Missile embolism - pulmonary vein to systemic bullet embolism: A case report and review of the literature. S. Afr. j. surg. [online]. 2008, vol.46, n.2, pp. 58-60. ISSN 2078-5151.
Missile embolism occurs very rarely. It was first reported by Thomas Davis in 1834, and only 153 cases had been reported up to 1988.1 Rich et ai. reported a 0.3% incidence in 7 500 cases of vascular injury in the Vietnam conflict.2 To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary vein entry and internal carotid artery embolisation.