South African Journal of Science
On-line version ISSN 1996-7489
Print version ISSN 0038-2353
HEATHFIELD, Laura J.. Policy required for entry of DNA profiles onto the National Forensic DNA Database of South Africa. S. Afr. j. sci. [online]. 2014, vol.110, n.7-8, pp.1-3. ISSN 1996-7489.
The recent Criminal Law (Forensic Procedures) Amendment Act (2013) provides a definition for forensic DNA profiles and, in so doing, states that medical information about an individual may not be revealed through a forensic DNA profile. Yet chromosomal abnormalities can exhibit as tri-allelic patterns on DNA profiles and such information can expose medical conditions such as Down syndrome. This short report highlights this concern and suggests a policy be created for the entering of such DNA profiles onto the National Forensic DNA database of South Africa.
Keywords : DNA profiling; chromosomal abnormalities; medical confidentiality; forensic science.