South African Journal of Science
On-line version ISSN 1996-7489
XU, Hongjun and PADAYACHEE, Laneil. Channel and delay estimation for base-station-based cooperative communications in frequency-selective fading channels. S. Afr. j. sci. [online]. 2011, vol.107, n.7-8, pp. 36-45. ISSN 1996-7489. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajs.v107i7/8.414.
A channel and delay estimation algorithm for both positive and negative delay, based on the distributed Alamouti scheme, has been recently discussed for base-station-based asynchronous cooperative systems in frequency-flat fading channels. This paper extends the algorithm, the maximum likelihood estimator, to work in frequency-selective fading channels. The minimum mean square error (MMSE) performance of channel estimation for both packet schemes and normal schemes is discussed in this paper. The symbol error rate (SER) performance of equalisation and detection for both time-reversal space-time block code (STBC) and single-carrier STBC is also discussed in this paper. The MMSE simulation results demonstrated the superior performance of the packet scheme over the normal scheme with an improvement in performance of up to 6 dB when feedback was used in the frequency-selective channel at a MSE of 3 x 10-2. The SER simulation results showed that, although both the normal and packet schemes achieved similar diversity orders, the packet scheme demonstrated a 1 dB coding gain over the normal scheme at a SER of 10-5. Finally, the SER simulations showed that the frequency-selective fading system outperformed the frequency-flat fading system.