South African Journal of Science
On-line version ISSN 1996-7489
The Agulhas Bank is a wide continental shelf that forms the southern tip of the African continent. On the eastern side of this shelf the flow of water is dominated by the adjacent Agulhas Current. On its western border, the movement is more complex. It is influenced by the Benguela Current, by the occasional presence of products from the Agulhas Current such as Agulhas rings, Agulhas filaments and by lee eddies. Understanding the flow on this western side of the Agulhas Bank is of considerable ecological importance because it has been assumed that a shelf edge jet carries immotile or weakly motile fish larvae and eggs from the spawning region on the bank to the biologically productive regions of the Benguela upwelling regime. We have used the tracks of a set of surface drifters to study the movement at the western edge of the bank, and show that on average the movement is indeed equatorward along this shelf edge, but that this movement is not persistent in direction or magnitude. Instead, this movement appears to be driven entirely by mesoscale turbulence created at the termination of the Agulhas Current.