Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
versión On-line ISSN 2411-9717
STEENKAMP, J.D.; PISTORIUS, P.C. y TANGSTAD, M.. Chemical wear analysis of a tap-hole on a SiMn production furnace. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2015, vol.115, n.3, pp. 199-208. ISSN 2411-9717.
In April 2013 a 48 MVA submerged arc furnace producing silicomanganese was excavated in South Africa. Since the high shell temperatures recorded in the tap-hole area resulted in the furnace being switched out for relining, the tap-hole area was excavated systematically. A refractory wear profile of the tap-hole area with affected hearth and sidewall refractory was obtained in elevation. The carbon ramming paste in front of, above, and below the tap-hole was worn, as was the SiC with which the tap-hole was built. A clay mushroom formed but was detached from the refractories. Thermodynamic and mass-transfer calculations were conducted to quantify the potential for wear by chemical reaction between refractory and slag and refractory and metal in the tap-hole area. It was found that chemical reaction between refractory and slag or metal could offer only a partial explanation for the wear observed; erosion is expected to contribute significantly to wear.
Palabras clave : excavation; dig-out; post-mortem; submerged arc furnace; silicomanganese; refractory; tap-hole; thermodynamics; FACTSage; mass transfer.