Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
LANGE, M.; GARBERS-CRAIG, A.M. and CROMARTY, R.. Wear of magnesia-chrome refractory bricks as a function of matte temperature. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2014, vol.114, n.4, pp. 341-346. ISSN 2411-9717.
The postulation that primary platinum group metal (PGM) matte will chemically react with magnesia-chrome bricks when temperatures exceed 1500°C was tested. Magnesia-chrome brick samples were heated in contact with matte at 1300°C to 1750°C for 30 minutes, after which the refractory samples were analysed using reflected light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The samples were all completely penetrated by matte. As the temperature increased the matte also penetrated the fused aggregate grains and disintegrated them. The chromium concentration of the matte inside the refractory samples was found to be slightly higher than that of the bulk matte. At temperatures of 1500°C and higher, MgO, FeO, and magnesium-rich silicate crystals could be identified in the matte directly adjacent to the refractorymatte interface. Phase relations clearly indicated that chemical reactions take place between primary PGM matte and the magnesia-chrome refractory material at temperatures above 1500°C, but that these reactions are more complex than expected from FactSAGE® calculations.
Keywords : refractory; magnesia-chrome bricks; penetration; fused grains.