Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
FERREIRA, W.; CROMARTY, R. and DE VILLIERS, J.. Development of a method for evaluating raw materials for use in iron ore sinter in terms of lime assimilation. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2014, vol.114, n.4, pp. 325-330. ISSN 2411-9717.
Steel is produced in a basic oxygen furnace from hot metal obtained from a blast furnace. A sintered iron ore with good high-temperature properties (strength and permeability) should be used as feed to the blast furnace. The quality of this sintered ore depends on the reactivity of the iron ore used as feed to the sinter plant during the lime assimilation step in the sintering process. The penetration test is the standard method for evaluating the reactivity of iron ore with lime. It is, however, difficult to determine the exact depth of penetration from the standard test. A new test method is proposed that allows automatic evaluation of iron ores in terms of lime assimilation with increasing temperature. A comparison of the coefficients of variation for the new and standard methods for each ore type demonstrates that the results of the new test are more reproducible and more precise than those of the standard method. The test is also less time-consuming and easier to implement.
Keywords : iron ore; sintering; properties; lime assimilation.