Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
DEVI, N.B. and MISHRA, S.. Liquid-liquid extraction of copper (II) from chloride media by Cyanex 923 in kerosene. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2012, vol.112, n.10, pp. 859-864. ISSN 2411-9717.
The extraction of Cu(II) from HCl media using Cyanex 923 in kerosene was investigated. The effect of shaking time, aqueous phase acid concentration, extractant concentration, chloride ion concentration, various metal ions (Mn2+, Mg2+, Fe2+, and Ni2+), and temperature on the extraction were studied. Using 0.1 M Cyanex 923 the extraction of Cu(II) was 6.7 per cent from 3 M HCl, which increased up to 78.5 per cent with 6.5 M HCl and then decreased due to acid extraction by the extractant. The maximum extraction (97.5 per cent) was obtained with 1 M Cyanex 923 from 5 M HCl solution. A mathematical model has been developed to describe solvent extraction equllibria over wide ranges of concentration of extractant, acid, and chloride ions. The composition of the extracted species has been predicted on the basis of slope analysis results and extraction equilibrium modelling. The negative values of enthalpy change and entropy change confirm the exothermic formation of the extracted complex.
Keywords : solvent extraction; copper; hydrochloric acid; modelling.