Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Print version ISSN 0038-223X
KAHRAMAN, S; FENER, M and KOZMAN, E. Predicting the compressive and tensile strength of rocks from indentation hardness index. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2012, vol.112, n.5, pp. 331-339. ISSN 0038-223X.
The prediction of rock properties from indirect testing methods is important, particularly for preliminary investigations since indirect tests are easier and cheaper than the direct tests. In this study, we investigate the predictability of the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) and Brazilian tensile strength (BTS) of rocks from the indentation hardness index (IHI) obtained using point load apparatus. Forty-six different rock types, 14 of which were igneous, 15 were metamorphic, and 17 were sedimentary were tested in the laboratory. The UCS and BTS values were correlated with the corresponding IHIvalues and the results were statistically analysed. The influence of rock classes on the relationships was also investigated. A strong correlation between UCS and IHI was found for all data. The correlation between BTS and IHI is not as strong as the correlation between UCS and IHI. However, it is in the acceptable limits. When the regression analyses were repeated for igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, the correlation coefficients were generally increased. The results show the UCS and BTS can be estimated from IHI. In addition, the effect of rock classes on the relationships between IHI and both UCS and BTS is important.
Keywords : uniaxial compressive strength; Brazilian tensile strength; indentation hardness index.