Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
versão On-line ISSN 2411-9717
BANKS, K.M; TULING, A e MINTZ, B. The influence of N on hot ductility of V-, Nb-, and Nb-Ti- containing steels using improved thermal simulation of continuous casting. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2011, vol.111, n.10, pp. 711-716. ISSN 2411-9717.
SYNOPSIS The hot ductility of in situ melted tensile specimens of micro-alloyed steels having C contents in the range 0.12-0.17% (mass %) have been examined over the 700-1000ºC temperature range. An improved testing method for simulating the continuous casting process was used, which takes into account both primary and secondary cooling conditions. Increasing the N content to electric arc furnace levels (0.01% N) was found to cause a serious deterioration in ductility. V-N steel gave better ductility than Nbcontaining steels due to less precipitation. From a cracking perspective, low- N steels are generally recommended but, when not feasible, a combination of Nb and V gives even better ductility. However, to be sure of avoiding transverse cracking in higher N steels a small addition of Ti is required. This resulted in a decrease in the fraction of fine particles and in accord with this better ductility. Transverse cracking of industrial slabs was then avoided
Palavras-chave : hot ductility; continuous casting; steel; N; V; Nb; Ti additions.