Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
LWAMBA, E. and GARBERS-CRAIG, A.M.. Control of the grain size distribution of the raw material mixture in the production of iron sinter. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2008, vol.108, n.5, pp. 293-300. ISSN 2411-9717.
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of grain size distribution control of the raw material mixture on the permeability of the green sinter bed and the properties of the produced sinter. This was achieved by evaluating the granulation characteristics of the sinter mixture (moisture content, ranulation time and mean granule diameter) in terms of its green bed permeability, and evaluating the productivity of the sinter bed, the coke rate, tumble index (TI), abrasion index (AI), reduction disintegration index (RDI) and reducibility (RI) of the produced sinter. The raw sinter mixtures contained combinations of Thabazimbi iron ore, Sishen iron ore, coke, lime and return fines. The grain size distributions were controlled by removing the -0.5 mm size fractions of the return fines and coke, and the -1 mm size fraction of lime. Of the examined mixtures, a mixture of 20 mass% Thabazimbi iron ore, 80 mass% Sishen iron ore and fluxes where the coke, lime and return fines were all sized had the highest granulation effectiveness and permeability. The sintering properties of the mixtures in which the grain size distributions were controlled, were very similar for all the mixtures, but superior to the base case mixture in which the grain size distribution was not controlled.
Keywords : Thabazimbi iron ore; Sishen iron ore; granulation; permeability; grain size distribution; sinter.