Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
PISTORIUS, P.C.. Ilmenite smelting: The basics. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2008, vol.108, n.1, pp. 35-43. ISSN 2411-9717.
While some of the practical details of ilmenite smelting are not well documented, there is a substantial body of literature on the principles of ilmenite smelting, and the behaviour of solidified titania slag. This information is summarized, focusing on the basic reactions, departure from equilibrium, the behaviour of impurities, and reactions of solidified slag. The emphasis is on the South African operations.