SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.63 número1"Hazardous to health?" Sugar mills and river pollution in Natal, 1869-1901Experiments in bilingual higher education: An examination of the origins of Afrikaans as a second medium at the Transvaal University College, 1908-1930 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Historia

versión On-line ISSN 2309-8392
versión impresa ISSN 0018-229X

Resumen

BOJE, John. The doctors' dilemmas: Medical practice in the Free State during the south african war. Historia [online]. 2018, vol.63, n.1, pp.45-71. ISSN 2309-8392.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2309-8392/2018/v63n1a3.

At the end of the nineteenth century, the actions of belligerents were constrained by the Hague Convention of 1899 and the Geneva Convention of 1864. The Hague Convention differentiated between combatants and non-combatants, but both the British implementation of a scorched earth policy and the Boer execution of blacks violated this convention. The Geneva Convention centred on medical immunity, which presupposes medical neutrality. The British opposed the voluntarism fundamental to the Red Cross movement and all British medical personnel in the field were subservient to the military establishment. Imperial patriotism, the shortcomings of the army and the insistent claims of military necessity subverted best medical practice, producing dilemmas that doctors had to negotiate. On the Boer side too, there was the moral complexity of doctors who were not only medical professionals but also social agents with personal commitments. This article considers the dilemmas that confronted doctors involved in the South African War in the Free State and concludes that trends in dealing with ethical challenges in this war became normative in subsequent conflicts.

Palabras clave : South African War; Free State; military medicine; Hague Convention; Geneva Convention; civilians; neutrality.

        · resumen en Africano     · texto en Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons