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Historia

versión On-line ISSN 2309-8392
versión impresa ISSN 0018-229X

Resumen

NYAMUNDA, Tinashe. The state and black business development: The Small Enterprises Development Corporation and the politics of indigenisation and economic empowerment in Zimbabwe. Historia [online]. 2016, vol.61, n.1, pp.41-65. ISSN 2309-8392.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2309-8392/2016/v61n1a6.

Using the historical experiences of the Small Enterprises Development Corporation (SEDC0), a Zimbabwe statutory corporation created to finance and support viable small to medium enterprises (SMEs), the article examines the state's shifting black economic empowerment policies in the post-colonial period. SEDC0 went through a decline following the creation of a SME ministry in 2002 and the subsequent passing of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act in 2007, thus an analysis of its history is significant to unpacking the nature and trajectory of debates on black economic empowerment. The corporation's history is also examined in an effort to understand the state's changing interaction with the black businesspeople it had targeted as needing support to redress past disparities and to establish future national economic development. Here, the article examines issues on redressing the colonial legacy and economic justice, well aware of the Zimbabwean government's early 1980s moderate response to the interests of black businesspeople and how this moved radically towards black empowerment rhetoric to prop up its waning political support. This article shifts the academic focus from land reform, by using SEDCO's historical experiences to examine the "third chimurenga" (war of economic liberation) from an indigenisation and economic empowerment perspective.

Palabras clave : Zimbabwe; indigenisation and economic empowerment; state politics; economic development; Small Enterprises Development Corporation.

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