On-line version ISSN 2309-8392
JANSEN VAN RENSBURG, Fanie (N.S.). Protest by Potchefstroom native location's residents against dominance, 1904 to 1950. Historia [online]. 2012, vol.57, n.1, pp. 22-41. ISSN 2309-8392.
This article indicates the importance of a thorough study of local sources on protest action by township residents in Makweteng (earlier known as Potchefstroom's native location) against oppressive laws and policies in South Africa. Although the term 'grassroots support' only became a common one much later in South Africa's history, the study of local documents indicates the protracted broad swell of dissatisfaction among black South African citizens against legalised segregation and later apartheid. In the case of some individuals and local organisations these views articulated with protests on a national level. This article covers the period 1904 to 1950 and looks at the strenuous efforts by white authorities to dominate this township on a municipal level; the limited influence of the native advisory bodies and localised national organisations in resisting this control; and the singular abilities and contributions of Lazarus R. Muthle and James Z. Mdatyulwa in Potchefstroom's protests. It also indicates how this protest gradually helped to build the basis for encompassing resistance, including resistance of an intellectual nature, in the 1970s and 1980s.
Keywords : Potchefstroom; native location; advisory board; apartheid; protest; Muthle; Mdatyulwa.