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Historia

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Abstract

DE BRUIN, Jaco  and  WESSELS, André. Legal validity of military trials in the Orange Free State during the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902. Historia [online]. 2011, vol.56, n.2, pp. 73-93. ISSN 0018-229X.

ABSTRACT The Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) had devastating consequences for most of the people living in Southern Africa at that time. It led to disruption and caused trauma. The struggle also produced its quota of controversial incidents (including murder cases), put the legal systems of the area under pressure, and sometimes plunged it into controversy. The death of the British lieutenant, Cecil Boyle, at the beginning of January 1901, and the ensuing court cases that followed in 1901 and 1903, led to much tension, controversy, and unhappiness - depending of course, from whose point of view the issues are looked at. In this study, the above-mentioned events, as well as the trials of Stephanus Johannes Vilonel, and of J.J. Eva, are placed in historical context, and interpreted from a legal historical point of view, in an effort to point out some of the legal implications that the Anglo-Boer War had for the people in the war zone, as well as for the post-war era. It also demonstrates that the legal and historical sciences can be complementary.

Keywords : Anglo-Boer War; Barend Celliers; Cecil Boyle; J.J. Eva; judicial systems; legal history; Orange Free State (OFS); Orange River Colony (ORC); Philip Botha; Stephanus Johannes Vilonel.

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