Print version ISSN 0018-229X
HENDRICH, Gustav. The history of Afrikaner involvement in the Rhodesian tobacco industry (1890-1980). Historia [online]. 2011, vol.56, n.2, pp. 43-58. ISSN 0018-229X.
ABSTRACT The significance of the tobacco industry in the history of Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe) became in de facto inseparable from the economic development of the country. Since the British colonization of Rhodesia during the 1890's, the emphasis on gold mining and ordinary agricultural produce gradually shifted to the evolving tobacco farming. Although it had been the rule of the British South Africa Company that ultimately laid the foundations of the tobacco industry, the presence of Afrikaners within the industry cannot be disregarded. Considered to be a farming community, the initial endeavours and embarkation of Afrikaner farmers in the industry were more often than not hampered by problems and failure. Due to improved mechanization, farming practices and circumstances after the Second World War, Afrikaners could more effectively and with greater prospect partake in the expansion of the industry. Afrikaner tobacco farmers over time contributed in the cultivation of Rhodesia's primary export commodity. This article seeks to address the involvement, problems and enrichment of Afrikaner tobacco farmers in the historical context of the Rhodesian tobacco industry.
Keywords : Afrikaners; auction floors; British South Africa Company; farmers; Rhodesia; tobacco industry; Unilateral Declaration of Independence.