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South African Dental Journal

On-line version ISSN 0375-1562
Print version ISSN 0011-8516


HLONGWA, Phumzile. Cephalometric analysis: manual tracing of a lateral cephalogram. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2019, vol.74, n.7, pp.389-393. ISSN 0375-1562.

Cephalometric analysis remains a preferred tool in the diagnosis and treatment planning of orthodontic and of orthognathic surgical cases. A cephalometric tracing can be prepared and analysed manually or by a computer using cephalometric tracing software. A number of software programmes on cephalometric analyses have been introduced but their widespread use has been restricted by cost factors, especially in situations having a constraint on resources. This report will give a step-by-step procedure to enable the identification of cephalometric points and planes used in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning and to facilitate the manual tracing of a lateral cephalogram.

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