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South African Dental Journal

versão On-line ISSN 0375-1562
versão impressa ISSN 0011-8516


BUKHARI, RMF et al. Oral health amongst male inmates in Saudi prisons compared with that of a sample of the general male population. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2017, vol.72, n.9, pp.402-407. ISSN 0375-1562.

OBJECTIVES: A survey compared dental caries experience, perceived problems, treatment needs and exposure to risk factors in a group of prisoners in two Saudi prisons with those of a group from the general population. METHODS: The study included male prisoners ( n =82) in Dammam and Khobar prisons (October 2014- January 2015) An age, gender and education-matched control group ( n=79) was selected from literacy schools and an elderly care home using a stratified sampling method. Data was collected on an interview questionnaire. Caries experience was assessed using World Health Organization criteria. RESULTS: Of the prisoners, 75.6%, and, of the subjects in the control group, 47.4%, reported smoking cigarettes daily, 95.1% and 70.9% reported having oral health problems such as dental pain or bleeding on brushing whilst 97.6% and 70.9% reported treatment need, with caries incidence being around 90.2% and 57%. Being a prisoner increased the odds of having dental problems affecting daily activities (odds ratio= 7.37), and having decayed teeth (odds ratio= 6.99).CONCLUSIONS: Male inmates in the two Saudi prisons had higher odds of dental problems than did subjects from the general population. Governmental action and volunteering initiatives are needed to reduce oral health inequalities between prisoners and the general population.

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