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South African Dental Journal

versão On-line ISSN 0375-1562
versão impressa ISSN 0011-8516

Resumo

SMIT, DA  e  OSMAN, YI. The availability of the basic oral health care package in the Western Cape. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2017, vol.72, n.6, pp.258-261. ISSN 0375-1562.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2519-0105/2017/v72no6a2.

The majority of the uninsured population in the Western Cape, estimated at about 4.5 million, is dependent on public dental clinics. Dental caries remains the most common chronic disease world-wide. Caries experience among 6-year-old children in the province increased from 82% to 84% in the period 2002 - 2015. Oral health programmes to promote good oral health at schools and clinics are very limited. A cross-sectional study investigated 128 dental clinics in the Western Cape to determine the availability of the basic oral health care package, which includes promotion of oral health, prevention of oral disease and basic oral health treatment. Less than a third (31.5%) offered the basic treatment package and slightly less than two thirds (65%) were offering only dental extractions. Despite clear policy guidelines, public dental care delivery in Western Cape is seen to be not adherent to the guidelines, norms and standards. There is an unavailability of dentists outside the main clinics and it appears there is a minimal focus on prevention of oral disease and promotion of good oral health. Dental caries must be recognized as an epidemic in the Western Cape, and basic oral health care should be made available.

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