South African Dental Journal
versão On-line ISSN 0375-1562
versão impressa ISSN 0011-8516
JAIN, N et al. Evaluating the possibility of re-polishing and in-office bleaching in removing the stains induced by common beverages on direct composite resin: A comparative in vitro study. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2015, vol.70, n.8, pp.347-350. ISSN 0375-1562.
AIM: Discolouration of direct composite resin restoration poses a significant aesthetic problem. This study compares the staining capacities of various beverages on direct composite materials, and compares the stain removing abilities of in-office bleaching using 38% Hydrogen Peroxide (Opalescence Boost) and re-polishing with Sof-Lex polishing system (3M ESPE). MATERIALS & METHODS: 180 composite resin specimens were prepared, incubated and immersed in six staining solutions: tea, tea with sugar, coffee, coffee with sugar, Coca-Cola and water (control) for seven days. 90 randomly selected samples were then bleached and the remaining 90 were re-polished. Colour measurements were made with a spectrophotometer, just before immersion, after one, three, five and seven days, and after bleaching and polishing procedures. RESULTS: Coffee with sugar solution showed the maximum staining effect. Bleaching and re-polishing were found equally effective with no statistically significant differences observed. CONCLUSION: The presence of sugar in coffee and tea solutions increases the stainability of direct composite resin. Most of the staining observed on resin composites is superficial and can be partially removed by re-polishing or bleaching procedures. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Sugar in beverages increases the staining of direct composites. Bleaching and re-polishing are equally effective in removing stains from discoloured direct composite resins.
Palavras-chave : bleaching; composites; cosmetics; dental material; laboratory research; veneers.