South African Dental Journal
versão On-line ISSN 0375-1562
versão impressa ISSN 0011-8516
KHAMMISSA, RAG et al. Oral medicine case book 65: Necrotising stomatitis. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2014, vol.69, n.10, pp.468-470. ISSN 0375-1562.
Necrotising stomatitis is a fulminating anaerobic poly-bacterial infection affecting predominantly the oral mucosa of debilitated malnourished children or immunosuppressed HIV-seropositive subjects. It starts as necrotising gingivitis which progresses to necrotising periodontitis and subsequently to necrotising stomatitis. In order to prevent the progression of necrotising stomatitis to noma (cancrum oris), affected patients should be vigorously treated and may require admission to hospital. Healthcare personnel should therefore be familiar with the signs and symptoms of necrotising gingivitis/necrotising periodontitis, of their potential sequelae and of the need for immediate therapeutic intervention.