Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation
On-line version ISSN 2311-9284
LE ROUX, M .Marianne and MANNING, John C.. A new long-tubed subspecies of Pelargonium dipetalum (section Hoarea) (Geraniaceae) from the Albertinia-Swellendam area in Western Cape Province, South Africa. Bothalia (Online) [online]. 2014, vol.44, n.1, pp. 1-8. ISSN 2311-9284. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ABC.V44I1.163.
BACKGROUND: Field studies confirmed that unusually long-tubed populations of Pelargonium dipetalum from between Swellendam and Albertinia, Western Cape Province, South Africa, are a distinct ecotype adapted to pollination by the long-proboscid fly, Prosoeca longipennis. The geographical and morphological isolation of these populations suggests that they are reproductively isolated from short-tubed populations, which are pollinated by bees OBJECTIVES: To determine and describe the floral variation in P. dipetalum, with a view to recognising the long-tubed populations at some taxonomic level METHOD: All available collections were measured and compared RESULTS: Populations of P. dipetalum were segregated into a short-tubed form with hypanthium 3 mm - 24 mm long and mostly pink petals that occurs from Betty's Bay to Knysna, and a long-tubed form with the hypanthium 34 mm - 54 mm long and consistently white petals that is restricted to a small area east of Swellendam between Suurbraak and Albertinia. We described the long-tubed form as the new subspecies P. dipetalum subsp. stenosiphon CONCLUSION: The new subspecies increases our understanding of the diversity in P. dipetalum and represents a new taxon of conservation concern