Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Town and Regional Planning]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=2415-049520210002&lang=en vol. 79 num. lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>From the guest editor</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200001&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[<b>In memoriam: A tribute to Prof. C.B. (Calie) Schoeman</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[<b>Order without design: How markets shape cities</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200003&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[<b>Vendor and pedestrian experiences of their 'right to the city' in street design and management in small urban centres in the Vhembe District, South Africa</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200004&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The demand for a spatial turn to enhance citizens' 'right to the city' is gaining more momentum in this era than previously. This is particularly evident within the South African urban space context. This article examines the vendor and pedestrian (street users) experiences of their 'right to the city' in street design and management in small urban centres in the Vhembe District of South Africa. The article adopted a case-study survey design and a mixed methods research approach. Data was collected by means of both key informant interviews with eight key experts in street design and management and a street intercept questionnaire survey administered to a total of 100 vendors and 400 pedestrians in the selected case study towns. Data analysis was done quantitatively through average users' satisfaction scores with a spatial quality and qualitatively through thematic analysis. Lefebvre's 'right to the city' theory was used to extract meaning from the research findings. The findings reveal that street users in all the towns of the study are dissatisfied with the spatial quality of safety, while accessibility was a challenge particularly in Thohoyandou Town. The findings reveal that economic, historical, and geographical differences affect street users' 'right to the city' experiences. Questions such as "Whose 'right to the city'?" and "Which 'right to the city'?" remain paradoxical. To create more spatially just streets, where vendors and pedestrians can enjoy their disparate 'right to the city' claims, users need to embrace the right to differences and municipalities in small urban centres need to continue to learn, experiment, and co-create urban space with the vendors and the pedestrians.<hr/>Die eis vir 'n ruimtelike wending om burgers se 'reg op die stad' te versterk, kry meer momentum in hierdie era as voorheen. Dit is veral duidelik in die Suid-Afrikaanse stedelike ruimtekonteks. Hierdie artikel ondersoek die ervarings van verkopers en voetgangers (straatgebruikers) van hul 'reg op die stad' in straatontwerp en -bestuur in klein stedelike sentrums in die Vhembe-distrik van Suid-Afrika. Die artikel het 'n gevallestudie-opname-ontwerp en 'n gemengde metode-navorsingsbenadering gebruik. Data is ingesamel deur middel van sleutel-informant-onderhoude met agt sleutelkundiges in straatontwerp en -bestuur en 'n straatonderskepping-vraelysopname wat aan 'n totaal van 100 verkopers en 400 voetgangers in die geselekteerde gevallestudiedorpe geadministreer is. Data-analise is kwantitatief gedoen deur gemiddelde gebruikers se tevredenheidtellings met 'n ruimtelike kwaliteit en kwalitatief deur tematiese analise. Lefèbvre se 'reg op die stad'-teorie is gebruik om betekenis uit die navorsingsbevindinge te onttrek. Die bevindinge toon dat straatgebruikers in al die dorpe ontevrede is met die ruimtelike kwaliteit van veiligheid, terwyl toeganklikheid veral in die Thohoyandou-dorp 'n uitdaging is. Die bevindinge toon dat ekonomiese, historiese en geografiese verskille straatgebruikers se 'reg tot die stad'-ervarings beïnvloed. Vrae soos Wie se 'reg op die stad'? en Watter 'reg op die stad' bly dus paradoksaal. Om meer ruimtelik regverdige strate te skep waar verkopers en voetgangers hul uiteenlopende 'reg op die stad'-aansprake kan geniet, is dit nodig dat gebruikers die reg op verskille aangryp en munisipaliteite in klein stedelike sentrums moet voortgaan om te leer eksperimenteer en stedelike ruimte saam met die verkopers en voetgangers te skep.<hr/>Nakong ea joale ho feta pele, tlhokahalo ea phetoho ea libaka molemong oa ntlafatso ea litokelo tsa baahi ba litoropo e ntse e eketseha haholo. Sena se bonahala ka ho khetheha tikolohong ea litoropo tsa Afrika Boroa. Sengoliloeng sena se hlahloba liphihlelo tsa barekisi le litaaso (basebelisi ba literata) mabapi le tokelo ea bona ea ho ea teropong, ho ikamahantsoe le meralo ea literata le taolo ea literopo tse nyane Seterekeng sa Vhembe Afrika Boroa. Sengoliloeng se entsoe ka lipatlisiso 'moho le boithuto bo khethehileng ba libaka tse khethiloeng. Lintlha li ile tsa bokelloa ka lipuisano le litsebi tse robeli tse ka sehloohong tsa thero le tsamaiso ea literata. Ho boetse hoa etsoa liphuputso ka lethathamo la lipotso ka literata, tse fuoeng kakaretso ea barekisi ba 100 le batho ba 400 ba tsamaeang ka maoto litoropong tse khethiloeng tsa boithuto. Tlhahlobo e entsoe holima kakaretso ea lintlha tse bontshang khotsofalo ea basebelisi ba literata. Khotsofalo ena e entsoe ho ipapisitsoe le boleng ba sebaka. Khopolo ea Lefèbvre ea 'tokelo tsa batho litoropong' e ile ea sebelisoa hobopa moelelo lipatlisisong tse entsoeng. Liphuputso li senola hore basebelisi ba literata litoropong tsohle tsa phuputso ha ba khotsofatsoe ke boleng ba tsona haholo holo mabapi le polokeho. Ka ho fetisisa toropong Thohoyandou, phepetso e ka sehlohong e bile ea bothata ba ho tsamaea literateng tsa toropo ena. Liphuputso li senola hore liphapang tsa moruo, tsa histori le tsa libaka li ama liphihlelo tsa basebelisi ba literata 'tokelong ea litoropo. Lipotso tse kang "Ke tokelo batho bafeng litoropong?" le "tokelo efe ea batho litoropong?" li lula li sa hlaka. Ele ho theha literata ka toka, moo barekisi le litaaso li natefeloang ke lithloko tsa bona tse fapaneng tsa 'tokelo ea toropo,' basebelisi ba tlameha ho amohela liphapang tse teng lipakeng tsa bona, 'me bomasepala ba literopong tse nyane ba lokela ho tsoela pele ho ithuta, ho etsa liteko le ho theha litoropo ka kopanelo. <![CDATA[<b>Private-public partnership-produced urban space - An antithesis to 'the right to the city': A case study of Ruwa Town, Zimbabwe, from 1986-2021</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The article illustrates how the private-public-led urban development disenfranchised Ruwa residents' rights to control the planning of their local environments and affordable access to basic public amenities and services in their town. Ruwa was one of the first postcolonial towns in Zimbabwe to emerge and develop using the private-public approach. The study uses Henri Lefebvre's notion of the 'right to the city' as analytical lens. Lefebvre presents a vision for urban areas, in which residents manage urban space for themselves, beyond the control of private capital. In the same vein, this article argues that, although the private-public partnership approach was instrumental in the development of Ruwa Town, residents were left out of decision-making processes, yet they were the major stakeholders in the development process. Residents should take charge of development processes in their areas through grassroots participation. The study used mixed research tools which drew data from primary documents, statistical records, and interviews with various stakeholders of Ruwa Town development.<hr/>Die artikel illustreer hoe die privaat-openbaar-geleide stedelike ontwikkeling Ruwa-inwoners se regte ontneem het om die beplanning van hul plaaslike omgewings en bekostigbare toegang tot basiese openbare geriewe en dienste in hul dorp te beheer. Ruwa was een van die eerste postkoloniale dorpe in Zimbabwe wat ontstaan en ontwikkel het deur die privaat-publieke benadering te gebruik. Die studie gebruik Henri Lefebvre se idee van die 'reg op die stad' as analitiese lens. Lefebvre bied 'n visie vir stedelike gebiede waarin inwoners stedelike ruimte vir hulself bestuur, buite die beheer van private kapitaal. In dieselfde trant argumenteer hierdie artikel dat, hoewel die privaat-openbare vennootskapsbenadering instrumenteel was in die ontwikkeling van Ruwa, inwoners uit besluitnemingsprosesse gelaat is, maar tog was hulle die belangrikste belanghebbendes in die ontwikkelingsproses. Inwoners moet beheer neem van ontwikkelingsprosesse in hul gebiede deur middel van voetsoolvlakdeelname. Die studie het gemengde navorsingsinstrumente gebruik wat data uit primêre dokumente, statistiese rekords en onderhoude met verskeie belanghebbendes van Ruwa-ontwikkeling getrek het.<hr/>Sengoliloeng se bontsa kamoo nts'etsopele ea litoropo e etelletsoeng pele ke mafapha a sechaba le a ikemetseng e hantseng litokelo tsa baahi ba Ruwa ho laola moralo oa tikoloho le phihlello e theko e tlase ea lits'ebeletso tsa sechaba teropong ea bona. Ruwa ke e 'ngoe ea litoropo tsa pele tse thonngoeng ka mor'a bokolone naheng ea Zimbabwe ka kopanelo ea mafapha a sechaba le a ikemetseng. Boithuto bona bo hlahlojoa ka tshebeliso ea maikutlo a Henri Lefebvre a 'tokelo ea batho litoropong'. Lefebvre e fana ka ponelopele ea metse es litoropo, moo baahi ba laolang sebaka sa litoropo molemong oa tshebeliso ea bona, moo bohoebi bo senang tshutsumetso taolong ea metse le tsoelopele. Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, sengoloa sena se tsitlella maikutlo a hore, le hoja mokhoa oa tsebelisano-'moho le sechaba o ile oa thusa haholo ntlafatsong ea toropo ea Ruwa, baahi ba ile ba koalloa ka ntle ha ho estoa liqeto, empa e ne e le bona ba nang le seabo se ka sehloohong mosebetsing oa ntlafatso. Boithuto bo susumetsa hore baahi ba lokela ho nka maemo a pele tshutsumetsong ea ntlafatso metseng le litoropong tsa bona. Kahona, tsoelopele e lokela ho qala tlase metseng e ea holimo pusong. Boithuto bona bo entse lipatlisiso tse neng li fumana lintlha ho tsoa litokomaneng tsa mantlha, lirekoto tsa lipalo-palo le lipuisano le ba amehang mafapheng a fapaneng a nts'etsopele toropong ea Ruwa. <![CDATA[<b>Understanding the factors influencing the spatial dynamics of informal settlements: The case of Enugu City, Nigeria</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The need to address the challenge of housing demand in cities has not recorded much success. Informal settlements keep springing up in cities of developing countries in a bid to meet this need. However, due to the degenerated nature of informal settlements, efforts are usually made to improve them. Most of the programmes towards the improvement of informal settlements have only addressed the symptoms rather than the causes. This study aims to assess the footprint occupation of informal settlements in Enugu City and identify the factors that contribute to such dynamics. A total of 276 questionnaires from household heads and 47 from urban planners were analysed. Findings revealed that informal settlements are gaining dominance in Enugu City. The 26 identified factors were reduced, using factor analysis, into nine components that accounted for 70% spatial dominance in Enugu City. Informal settlements need to be approached concerning their triggering factors such as closeness to other informal settlements, and low incomes especially from rural agriculture, among others, for an encompassing approach to its management in Enugu City.<hr/>Die behoefte om die uitdaging van behuisingsvraag in stede aan te spreek, het nie veel sukses behaal nie. Informele nedersettings ontstaan steeds in stede van ontwikkelende lande in 'n poging om in hierdie behoefte te voorsien. Weens die agteruitgang van informele nedersettings word daar egter gewoonlik gepoog om dit te verbeter. Die meeste programme vir die verbetering van informele nedersettings het slegs die simptome eerder as die oorsake aangespreek. Hierdie studie het ten doel om die voetspoorbesetting van informele nedersettings in Enugu Stad te evalueer en die faktore te identifiseer wat bydra tot sulke dinamika. Altesaam 276 vraelyste van huishoudingshoofde en 47 van stedelike beplanners is ontleed. Bevindinge het aan die lig gebring dat informele nedersettings besig is om in Enugu Stad te oorheers. Die 26 geidentifiseerde faktore is verminder, met behulp van faktoranalise, in nege komponente wat verantwoordelik was vir 70% ruimtelike dominansie in Enugu Stad. Informele nedersettings moet genader word in verband met die sneller faktore daarvan soos nabyheid aan ander informele nedersettings, en lae inkomste veral uit landelike landbou, onder andere, om 'n omvattende benadering tot die bestuur daarvan in Enugu Stad te maak. <![CDATA[<b>A critical Lefebvrian perspective on planning in relation to informal settlements in South Africa</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Informal settlements intersect with spatial planning when they are placed on a trajectory towards permanent upgrading. In South Africa, the law requires this intersection to be as non-disruptive as possible. However, this is difficult to secure, as the Slovo Park informal settlement case in Johannesburg exemplifies. This article demonstrates the conceptual relevance of Henri Lefebvre's writing on the right to the city and his closely associated theory on differential space for the informal settlement and planning question. The article notes that the planning theory discourse has engaged with what occurs outside of statutory planning. This skirts Lefebvre's radical critique of statutory planning and its direct implication for spontaneous urban spatial practice. Lefebvre's critique of planning is open-ended, providing pointers towards an alternative, namely transduction. The article shows the relevance of this for the transformation of planning and urban space in South Africa.<hr/>Informele nedersettings kruis met ruimtelike beplanning wanneer hulle op 'n trajek na permanente opgradering geplaas word. In Suid-Afrika vereis die wet dat hierdie kruising so nie-ontwrigtend moontlik moet wees. Dit is egter moeilik om te verseker, soos die Slovo Park informele nedersettingsaak in Johannesburg wys. Hierdie artikel demonstreer die konseptuele relevansie van Henri Lefebvre se skrywe oor die reg op die stad en sy nou geassosieerde teorie oor differensiële ruimte vir die informele nedersettings- en beplanningsvraagstuk. Daar word opgemerk dat die beplanningsteorie-diskoers betrokke was by dit wat buite statutêre beplanning plaasvind. Dit ontwyk Lefebvre se radikale kritiek op statutêre beplanning en die direkte implikasie daarvan vir spontane stedelike ruimtelike praktyk. Lefebvre se kritiek op beplanning is oop, en verskaf aanwysings na 'n alternatiewe, naamlik transduksie. Die artikel wys die relevansie hiervan vir die transformasie van beplanning en stedelike ruimte in Suid-Afrika.<hr/>Kamano lipakeng tsa metse esa reroang le thero ea libaka e tiisoa ke ntlafatso ea maphomella. Naheng ea Afrika Boroa, molao o tlama hore kamano ena e be a se nang tsitiso ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang. Leha ho le joalo, ho thata ho netefatsa sena, joalo ka ha ho ile hoa iponahatsa ntlafatsong ea Slovo Park, Johannesburg. Sengoliloeng sena se bonts'a bohlokoa ba maikutlo a Henri Lefebvre mabapi le litokelo tsa batho litoropong 'moho le phapang ea libaka, ele ho ikamahanya le thero ea libaka le metse e sa reroang. Sengoliloeng se hlokomela hore mehopolo e amanang le thero ea litoropo e ikamahanya le se etsahalang kantle ho melao e amehang. Sena se akaretsa tlhaloso ea Lefebvre ea hore molao o susumetsa ntshetsopele ea litoropo e sa reroang le e seng molaong. Kaha tlhaloso ena ea Lefebvre e bulehile, e fana ka lintlha tse lebisang ho mokhoa o mong oa phetisetsano ea litharollo. Sengoliloeng sena se bontsa bohlokoa ba phetisetsano bakeng sa phetoho ea thero ea litoropo tsa Afrika Boroa. <![CDATA[<b>The right to functioning urban infrastructure - A review</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en A major objective of local government in South Africa, as defined in the Constitution, is to ensure the provision of services to communities in a sustainable manner. However, neglect of infrastructure continues to hamper access to service delivery, affecting all citizens and the economy. Informed by the author's own long career involvement and current research programme in infrastructure operation and maintenance, together with current extensive secondary research, he identified that lack of care for infrastructure leads directly to infrastructure failure. This, in turn, harms the economy and inconveniences citizens, and, in some instances, even deprives them of their rights. This article draws attention to some generic reasons for the failure of infrastructure and service delivery and explores ways for measuring infrastructure and service delivery deficits. It emphasises the consequences of service delivery failure and notes the experiences of four towns, all of which have service delivery deficits. The article then contrasts the public statements of authorities such as Ministers and the Auditor General with the dearth of effective action on the part of many municipalities, and asks why this should be.<hr/>'n Belangrike doelwit van plaaslike regering in Suid-Afrika, soos omskryf in die Grondwet, is om die voorsiening van dienste aan gemeenskappe op 'n volhoubare wyse te verseker. Verwaarlosing van infrastruktuur belemmer egter steeds toegang tot dienslewering, wat alle burgers en die ekonomie raak. Ingelig deur sy eie lang loopbaanbetrokkenheid en huidige navorsingsprogram in infrastruktuuroperasie en instandhouding, tesame met huidige uitgebreide sekondêre navorsing, identifiseer die skrywer dat 'n gebrek aan sorg vir infrastruktuur tot infrastruktuur mislukking lei. Dit benadeel op sy beurt die ekonomie en verontrief burgers - in sommige gevalle selfs ontneem van hul regte. Hierdie artikel vestig die aandag op enkele generiese redes vir die mislukking van infrastruktuur en dienslewering en ondersoek maniere om infrastruktuur- en diensleweringstekorte te meet. Dit beklemtoon die gevolge van diensleweringsmislukking en neem kennis van die ervarings van vier dorpe, wat almal diensleweringstekorte het. Die artikel kontrasteer dan die openbare verklarings van owerhede soos ministers en die ouditeur-generaal met die gebrek aan doeltreffende optrede van die kant van baie munisipaliteite en vra waarom dit so is.<hr/>Sepheo sa manthla sa mmuso oa lehae Afrika Borwa, joalokaha ho hlalositsoe molaong oa motheo, ke ho netefatsa phano ea litsebeletso ho sechaba ka mokhoa o tsitsitseng. Leha ho le joalo, ho se tsotelloe ha litsebeletso tsa manthla ho ntse ho tsoela pele ho sitisa phihlello ea phano ea litsebeletso, 'me sena se ama baahi bohle le moruo. Sengoli, se bonts'itse hore khaello ea tlhokomelo e lebisa ka kotloloho ho hloleheng ha litsebeletso tsa manthla joaloka meaho. Sena o se fihletse ka boiphihlelo ba hae tshebetsong ea lilemo tse ngata 'moho le boithuto bona mabapi le ts'ebetso le tlhokomelo ea meaho, hammoho le lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao tse pharalletseng. Sena se senya moruo hape se sitisa baahi, 'me ka hangata se ba amoha litokelo tsa bona. Sengoliloeng sena se hlokomelisa a mang a mabaka hlalosang ho hloleha ha litsebeletso tsa manthla le phano ea tsona, 'me se hlahloba mekhoa ea ho metha thlokahalo ea litsebeletso tsena le phano ea tsona. Sengoliloeng sena se boetse se lekola litlamorao tsa ho hloleha ha phano ea litshebeletso mme e ela hloko liphihlelo tsa litoropo tse nne, tseo kaofela ha tsona di nang le kgaello ea phano ea litshebeletso tsa manthla ka kakaretso. Sengoloa sena se phethela ka ho bapisa liphatlalatso tsa sechaba tsa ba boholong joalo ka Matona le Mohlahlobi e Moholo oa Libuka, 'moho le khaello ea ts'ebetso ea maphomella ka lehlakoreng la bomasepala ba bangata. E qetella ka ho botsa hore na ke hobane'ng ho na le khaello e joalo. <![CDATA[<b>The rental system in Ghana's low-income housing communities, challenges and adaptation strategies</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Shelter is one of the fundamental needs of human survival aside food and clothing. However, provision of adequate housing to accommodate people in urban areas has been a challenge in developing countries, including Ghana. This has caused many Ghanaians, especially the low-income group, to resort to the rental sector for their housing needs. It is widely discussed in the literature that each city user is to be accorded the needed right to utilise what exists in the city, including decent accommodation. This article examines the strategies put in place by low-income house tenants to cope with the challenges of renting houses in the Wenchi Municipality, in order to rightly utilise urban housing. The study used a quantitative approach and a questionnaire survey to collect data from 245 tenant household heads. Purposive and systematic sampling techniques were used to select the respondents for the study. The data was analysed using SPSS. The study revealed that rental problems faced by tenants and adaptation measures developed to cope in cities and bigger towns are not different from what exists in the smaller towns. The study recommended that rent control should be strengthened to perform its duties in the rental sector well enough to protect the interest of the urban low-income renters.<hr/>Afgesien van kos en klere is skuiling een van die fundamentele behoeftes vir menslike oorlewing. Die verskaffing van voldoende behuising om mense in stedelike gebiede te akkommodeer bly 'n uitdaging in ontwikkelende lande insluitend Ghana. Dit het veroorsaak dat baie Ghanese, veral die lae-inkomstegroep, na die huursektor oorgegaan het vir hul behuisingsbehoeftes. Dit word wyd in die literatuur bespreek dat elke stadsgebruiker die nodige reg moet kry om dit wat in die stad bestaan, te benut, insluitend ordentlike akkommodasie. Hierdie artikel ondersoek die strategieë wat deur lae-inkomstehuishuurders ingestel is om die uitdagings van die huur van huise in die Wenchi Munisipaliteit die hoof te bied om sodoende stedelike behuisingsreg te benut. Die studie het 'n kwantitatiewe benadering en 'n vraelysopname gebruik om data van 245 huurderhuishoudings in te samel. Doelgerigte en sistematiese steekproeftegnieke is gebruik om die respondente vir die studie te selekteer. Die data is met SPSS ontleed. Die studie het aan die lig gebring dat huurprobleme en aanpassingsmaatreëls wat ontwikkel is om hierdie probleme in stede en groter dorpe die hoof te bied, nie verskil van probleme wat in die kleiner dorpe bestaan nie. Die studie het aanbeveel dat huurbeheer versterk moet word om sy pligte in die huursektor goed genoeg uit te voer om die belange van die stedelike lae-inkomste huurders te beskerm.<hr/>Ka thoko ho lijo le liaparo, bolulo ke e 'ngoe ea litlhoko tsa mantlha tsa botho. Leha ho le joalo, hona le phephetso e kholo ea tokisetso ea bolulo ba batho litoropong tsa linaheng tse futsanehileng, tse akhang Ghana. Sena se entse hore batho ba bangata ba Ghana, haholo-holo ba fumanang meputso e tlaase, ba ikhethele ho hira matlo ele ho arabela tlhoko ea bona ea bolulo. Lingoliloeng tse ngata li bontsha hore mosebelisi e mong le e mong oa toropo o lokela ho fuoa tokelo ea manthla ea ho sebelisa se teng toropong, ho kenyeletsoa le sebaka sa bolulo. Sengoliloeng sena se hlahloba kamoo bahiri ba matlo a lipehelo tse tlase ba sebetsanang le liqholotso tsa matlo a hirisoang Masepaleng oa Wenchi. Boithuto bona bo sebelisitse mokhoa oa lipalo-palo (quantitative) le tlhahlobo ea lethathamo la lipotso ho bokella lintlha. Lipotso li ile tsa lebisoa ho lihlooho tsa malapa tse 245 tse hirileng matlo a lipehelo tse tlase Masepaleng ona. Boithuto bo khethile lihlooho tsena ho latela bohlokoa ba bona le tsebo ea bona boithutong bo etsoang. Linthla tseo ba faneng ka tsona li ile tsa hlahlojoa ho sebelisoa SPSS. Phuputso e senotse hore ha hona phapang ea mathata a khiriso ea bolulo a tobaneng le bahiri le mekhoa e'o ba rarollang mathata ana ka ona lipakeng tsa litoropo le litorotsoana. Boithuto bona bo khothalelitse hore taolo ea rente e matlafatsoe ele ho sireletsa bahira ba futsanehileng litoropong. <![CDATA[<b>Human rights and the transformation of property</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2415-04952021000200010&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Shelter is one of the fundamental needs of human survival aside food and clothing. However, provision of adequate housing to accommodate people in urban areas has been a challenge in developing countries, including Ghana. This has caused many Ghanaians, especially the low-income group, to resort to the rental sector for their housing needs. It is widely discussed in the literature that each city user is to be accorded the needed right to utilise what exists in the city, including decent accommodation. This article examines the strategies put in place by low-income house tenants to cope with the challenges of renting houses in the Wenchi Municipality, in order to rightly utilise urban housing. The study used a quantitative approach and a questionnaire survey to collect data from 245 tenant household heads. Purposive and systematic sampling techniques were used to select the respondents for the study. The data was analysed using SPSS. The study revealed that rental problems faced by tenants and adaptation measures developed to cope in cities and bigger towns are not different from what exists in the smaller towns. The study recommended that rent control should be strengthened to perform its duties in the rental sector well enough to protect the interest of the urban low-income renters.<hr/>Afgesien van kos en klere is skuiling een van die fundamentele behoeftes vir menslike oorlewing. Die verskaffing van voldoende behuising om mense in stedelike gebiede te akkommodeer bly 'n uitdaging in ontwikkelende lande insluitend Ghana. Dit het veroorsaak dat baie Ghanese, veral die lae-inkomstegroep, na die huursektor oorgegaan het vir hul behuisingsbehoeftes. Dit word wyd in die literatuur bespreek dat elke stadsgebruiker die nodige reg moet kry om dit wat in die stad bestaan, te benut, insluitend ordentlike akkommodasie. Hierdie artikel ondersoek die strategieë wat deur lae-inkomstehuishuurders ingestel is om die uitdagings van die huur van huise in die Wenchi Munisipaliteit die hoof te bied om sodoende stedelike behuisingsreg te benut. Die studie het 'n kwantitatiewe benadering en 'n vraelysopname gebruik om data van 245 huurderhuishoudings in te samel. Doelgerigte en sistematiese steekproeftegnieke is gebruik om die respondente vir die studie te selekteer. Die data is met SPSS ontleed. Die studie het aan die lig gebring dat huurprobleme en aanpassingsmaatreëls wat ontwikkel is om hierdie probleme in stede en groter dorpe die hoof te bied, nie verskil van probleme wat in die kleiner dorpe bestaan nie. Die studie het aanbeveel dat huurbeheer versterk moet word om sy pligte in die huursektor goed genoeg uit te voer om die belange van die stedelike lae-inkomste huurders te beskerm.<hr/>Ka thoko ho lijo le liaparo, bolulo ke e 'ngoe ea litlhoko tsa mantlha tsa botho. Leha ho le joalo, hona le phephetso e kholo ea tokisetso ea bolulo ba batho litoropong tsa linaheng tse futsanehileng, tse akhang Ghana. Sena se entse hore batho ba bangata ba Ghana, haholo-holo ba fumanang meputso e tlaase, ba ikhethele ho hira matlo ele ho arabela tlhoko ea bona ea bolulo. Lingoliloeng tse ngata li bontsha hore mosebelisi e mong le e mong oa toropo o lokela ho fuoa tokelo ea manthla ea ho sebelisa se teng toropong, ho kenyeletsoa le sebaka sa bolulo. Sengoliloeng sena se hlahloba kamoo bahiri ba matlo a lipehelo tse tlase ba sebetsanang le liqholotso tsa matlo a hirisoang Masepaleng oa Wenchi. Boithuto bona bo sebelisitse mokhoa oa lipalo-palo (quantitative) le tlhahlobo ea lethathamo la lipotso ho bokella lintlha. Lipotso li ile tsa lebisoa ho lihlooho tsa malapa tse 245 tse hirileng matlo a lipehelo tse tlase Masepaleng ona. Boithuto bo khethile lihlooho tsena ho latela bohlokoa ba bona le tsebo ea bona boithutong bo etsoang. Linthla tseo ba faneng ka tsona li ile tsa hlahlojoa ho sebelisoa SPSS. Phuputso e senotse hore ha hona phapang ea mathata a khiriso ea bolulo a tobaneng le bahiri le mekhoa e'o ba rarollang mathata ana ka ona lipakeng tsa litoropo le litorotsoana. Boithuto bona bo khothalelitse hore taolo ea rente e matlafatsoe ele ho sireletsa bahira ba futsanehileng litoropong.