Scielo RSS <![CDATA[African Natural History]]> vol. 12 num. lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[<b>A new species of <i>Taylorius </i>(Bryozoa: Escharinidae) from the east coast of South Africa</b>]]> A new species of Escharinidae, Taylorius nyembezi sp. nov., is described and illustrated from material collected by the R.V. Meiring Naudé cruises at 90 m depth off the east coast of South Africa in 1979 and lodged in the collections of the Iziko Museums of South Africa, Cape Town and The Natural History Museum, London. The specimens were previously reported as conspecific with recent and fossil specimens from New Zealand and misidentified as Escharina waiparaensis (Brown, 1952) by Hayward & Cook (1983). Subsequently Gordon (2014) clarified the taxonomic status of the unique species that constitutes Escharina waiparaensis. In this paper we erect Taylorius nyembezi sp. nov., for the South African specimens based on its unique anter and sinus shape, metrics of its zooids and orifices, and the large size and position of the spine bases. <![CDATA[<b>Some deep-water cheilostome Bryozoa from the south coast of South Africa</b>]]> Twelve species of deep-water cheilostome Bryozoa are reported from an incidental deep-water collection from the south coast of South Africa. The collection represents nine families and ten genera. One species, Arthropoma lioneli sp. nov., is new to science. The results reinforce the need for targeted sampling of South Africa's poorly known deep-water benthic fauna to assist the assignment of offshore marine protected areas within its Exclusive Economic Zone. With the addition of the new species, the bryozoan fauna of South Africa comprises no fewer than 271 valid marine species.