Scielo RSS <![CDATA[SA Crime Quarterly]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=1991-387720170003&lang=pt vol. num. 61 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>Who can stop the rot?</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt <![CDATA[<b>A losing battle? Assessing the detection rate of commercial crime</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The South African Police Service (SAPS) struggles to protect victims from commercial crime that threatens the economy, corrodes scarce and valuable resources, and inhibits growth and development. Official SAPS statistics show that the annual detection rate in respect of reported fraud cases was 35.77% in 2014/15 and 34.08% in 2015/16. Although the detection rates for serious commercial crime are reported as 94.8% for 2014/15 and 96.75% for 2015/16, it is likely that these figures are inaccurate and, in reality, much lower. This article provides an overview of the reported incidence of commercial crime, assesses the detection rate reported by the SAPS, and seeks to determine how it can be improved. <![CDATA[<b>Exploring questions of power. Peace officers and private security</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt There is a need for different stakeholders to work together to help the South African Police Service (SAPS) combat crime in Gauteng. Through the Constitution, the SAPS is mandated to combat crime. Private security officers (PSOs) are well positioned to help the police, as they may witness crimes in the course of their duties. PSOs protect organisations (public and private) and individuals as their paying clients. But the PSOs can only perform their duty as ordinary citizens, not as police. This article presents the findings of interviews and a survey intended to gauge the extent to which senior actors in the private security industry and the police think security officers need additional legal powers, and what powers would be suitable for them to help the police combat crime. <![CDATA[<b>Concessions on custodial sentences. Learning from the New Zealand approach to restorative justice</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt South African courts, in at least two reported cases, have dealt with restorative justice (RJ) in sentencing offenders (i.e. State v. Thabethe (Thabethe); and State v. Seedat (Seedat). In both cases, the Supreme Court of Appeal gave limited regard to RJ, with the presiding judges '[cautioning] seriously against the use of restorative justice as a sentence for serious offences'. However, in countries such as New Zealand, courts have handed down custodial sentences in cases of serious offences while giving due regard to RJ at the same time. The purpose of this article is to highlight some of the strategies that New Zealand courts have invoked to ensure that a balance is struck between retributive justice and RJ. On the basis of this analysis, a conclusion is drawn that RJ can play a role in criminal matters by having it reflect through reduced sentences. With such a strategy, courts can strike a balance between the clear and powerful need for a denunciating sentence on the one hand, and RJ on the other. <![CDATA[<b>Pathways from violence. The impact of community-based intervention on offender reintegration in Gugulethu</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Crime has gripped public discourse in democratic South Africa.¹Cities such as Cape Town, Durban and Nelson Mandela Bay have some of the highest homicide rates in the world.²Most South Africans do not feel safe at night³nor do they believe government is capable of maintaining law and order. 4 Nationally the picture is bleak. But at the local level, innovative responses to crime are underway, illustrating the constraints and advantages of community-based interventions. Established in 2004, the Rebuilding and Life Skills Training Centre (Realistic) is a community-based response to youth crime in the township of Gugulethu in Cape Town. Using in-depth interviews, this article presents a case study examining the obstacles faced by young ex-offenders in Gugulethu, and the impact of Realistic's aftercare programme on their life path. <![CDATA[<b>Planning for nuclear security. Design Basis Threats and physical protection systems</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Design Basis Threats (DBTs) are summarised statements derived from a threat assessment for which a physical protection system (PPS) is planned and designed. This article describes the development of a DBT for the Irradiation Facility at the Centre for Applied Radiation Science and Technology (CARST) in Mafikeng, based on its threat and its risk as a radioactive source. The purpose of the DBT was to serve as a threat assessment technique, providing a basis for planning a PPS by operators of the centre. A competent authority for nuclear security then gives approval for the implementation of the physical protection plan. The DBT assessment methodology is an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) recommended method for designing security measures corresponding to the categories of radioactive sources. The higher the risk, the more secure the facility should be. <![CDATA[<b>New interventions and sustainable solutions. Reappraising illegal artisanal mining in South Africa</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1991-38772017000300007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Despite its contribution to the South African economy, the South African mining industry is plagued by illegal artisanal mining (IAM). Although artisanal mining was recognised as a means to alleviate poverty after 1994, current legislation criminalises such work. This article reviews the limited literature on IAM in South Africa to show that there is poor synergy between mining industry stakeholders. It recommends two theoretical perspectives from which to reappraise the underlying causes of IAM, concluding that an industry-tailored, theoretically informed intervention is required.