Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=1445-737720080001&lang=en vol. 8 num. 1 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>Editorial</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100001&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[<b>Difficulties encountered in the application of the phenomenological method in the social sciences</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en While it is heartening to see that more researchers in the field of the social sciences are using some version of the phenomenological method, it is also disappointing to see that very often some of the steps employed do not follow phenomenological logic. In this paper, several dissertations are reviewed in order to point out some of the difficulties that are encountered in attempting to use some version of the phenomenological method. Difficulties encountered centred on the phenomenological reduction, the use of imaginative variation and the feedback to subjects. <![CDATA[<b>Learning from twentieth century hermeneutic phenomenology for the human sciences and practical disciplines</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100003&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The implications of commonalities in the contributions of five key thinkers in twentieth century phenomenology are discussed in relation to both original aims and contemporary projects. It is argued that, contrary to the claims of Husserl, phenomenology can only operate as hermeneutic phenomenology. Hermeneutics arose within German idealism. It began with Friedrich Ast and Heinrich Schleiermacher and was further developed by, among others, Wilhelm Dilthey and Martin Heidegger. Hermeneutics claims that current understanding is created on the basis of the prior understanding taken to any new situation, in that what is initially understood or believed determines the direction and scope for inquiry or action. Subsequent action and conclustions are similarly based on what has been previously understood and believed. As a consequence, however, what may, in some cases, result is the confirmation of prior inaccurate understanding. For these reasons, it is important to be clear about how initial understandings are formed and how they inform a discipline, be it the Husserlian phenomenology of intentionality or any empirical phenomenological approach. <![CDATA[<b>Some reflections in phenomenology and psychoanalysis</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100004&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en This paper examines the origin of phenomenology, and delineates several of its significant developments and refractions, in order to arrive at a renewed conception of phenomenological theory and practice: a future phenomenology that can, it is argued, articulate productively with certain grounds opened up by psychoanalysis. <![CDATA[<b>Were Nietzsche's cardinal ideas - delusions?</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Nietzsche's cardinal ideas - God is Dead, √úbermensch and Eternal Return of the Same - are approached here from the perspective of psychiatric phenomenology rather than that of philosophy. A revised diagnosis of the philosopher's mental illness as manic-depressive psychosis forms the premise for discussion. Nietzsche conceived the above thoughts in close proximity to his first manic psychotic episode, in the summer of 1881, while staying in Sils-Maria (Swiss Alps). It was the anniversary of his father's death, and also of the break-up of his friendship with Wagner, the most important relationship in his life. Despite having been acquainted with these ideas from reading philosophy and literature, Nietzsche created them de novo and imbued them with very personal meaning. Surprisingly, he never defined or explained his cardinal thoughts in his published writings, perhaps because rationally he could not. A resultant hermeneutic vacuum provoked an avalanche of interpretations in secondary literature. But could these ideas be delusions? A current definition of delusion is challenged, and an attempt is made at a limited comparison between delusion, scientific/philosophical doctrine and poetic creation. It is also argued that psychosis is a way of re-living trauma, and delusions can therefore be seen as a form of reasoning that helps to make sense of the world in a state of psychotic disintegration. Far from being false beliefs, delusions are a true expression of one's innermost feelings and pain, albeit indirectly. The relationship between early parental loss and repeated trauma, psychosis and creativity is also explored. <![CDATA[<b>Fixating the world's most caring cornerstone: Heidegger on self-sacrifice</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Prior to having its authenticity and transparency examined, the openness of human existence may be said to need preservation as is, regardless of its receptivity and responsiveness to the truth of Being. Paradoxically, in self-sacrifice the fulfilment of Dasein 's ownmost potentiality-for-being is dependent upon a most radical disowning of itself. This investigation approaches self-sacrifice on the basis of its analogy with the creation of the work of art - as the peculiar fixation of the existing, already disclosed world of everydayness within Dasein 's final absence. Finally, the suggestion is made that the incommensurable greatness of the heroic self-sacrifice needs to be itself preserved from the degradation brought about by massive and compulsive reproduction. <![CDATA[<b>Zen and the art of surfboard design</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The aim of this paper is to show (a) how motion has ontological priority over space and (b) how the relationship between motion and form underpins mindness. The analysis of spatial perception reveals an interplay between spatial and temporal relations that is evident in language and surfing. <![CDATA[<b>Pivotal love relationships</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The aim of this paper is to show (a) how motion has ontological priority over space and (b) how the relationship between motion and form underpins mindness. The analysis of spatial perception reveals an interplay between spatial and temporal relations that is evident in language and surfing. <![CDATA[<b>The present personal: Philosophy and the hidden face of language</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1445-73772008000100009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The aim of this paper is to show (a) how motion has ontological priority over space and (b) how the relationship between motion and form underpins mindness. The analysis of spatial perception reveals an interplay between spatial and temporal relations that is evident in language and surfing.