Scielo RSS <![CDATA[HTS Theological Studies]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=0259-942220120002&lang=pt vol. 68 num. 2 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>Youth culture, media and sexuality</b>: <b>what could faith communities contribute?</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This article provided an overview of youth culture and how the media shapes youth culture today. Its specific aim was to focus on the access to sexual content that the different forms of media provide and the possible effect that they have on youth culture today. The sexual development of teenagers is one of the most important areas of their journey into adulthood and can easily be influenced by media messages on sex and sexuality. As such, the sexual behaviour of teenagers mostly seems to demonstrate a misconception on sex and sexuality. The author argued that sex and sexuality can also be viewed as theological issues and concluded by offering a few suggestions on how faith communities can become a more relevant and effective partner in fostering a theological understanding of sex and sexuality, especially to the youth. <![CDATA[<b>A founded model for the ministry of the congregation's <i>diakonia</i></b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This article describes a founded model for ministry in the Reformed Church of Randburg (RCR) and the process that was followed to develop this model. The article is the last of four articles. Each of these articles describes a phase of this process, which leads to the developed model. Osmer's model for research in Practical Theology was followed in the research. The article describes the research conducted according to the final phase (pragmatic) of Osmer's model. The question of how practical ministry in an urban congregation such as the RCR should look like is addressed by the suggestion of a model for the ministry. This model is founded on the research results described in the previous three articles. In this article, the research question of what a founded model for ministry may look like and what the developing process entails is being answered. At first, various angles of approach to the research on ministry in congregations, is described. To accomplish this, recent literature was examined. Secondly, the points of departure in the research are stated. Thirdly, the process that the congregation followed to develop the model is described. In the fourth place, the results of the previous research on which the model is based, are summed up. Lastly, the most important aspects of the model for ministry in the congregation are described. <![CDATA[<b>Educating young people through Christian youth worship</b>: <b>reclaiming space for learning in liturgical contexts</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This article dealt with the relationship between education and youth worship in Protestant contexts in the Netherlands. Consequently, it dealt with the relation between Liturgical and Educational Studies. Our interest in the research project on youth worship in Protestant contexts centred on the question: How do young people, in a late-modern context, participate in youth worship? In our qualitative research, it appeared that 'learning' is a key word with regard to youth worship. This article discussed the questions: How are youth worship and 'learning faith' related? And, what are the qualities of learning faith in youth worship? Empirical results of the research in local youth worship services and national youth worship events were presented. These results concentrated on the dialogical dimension in youth worship gatherings and gave indications about the contents of what adolescents learn in youth worship gatherings. This 'what' referred, amongst other aspects, to the important content of 'rules and freedom'. Respondents often valued and appropriated youth worship along the line of '(do not) have to', with regard to a Christian life style, their relation with God, ethics, and doctrines. Moreover, themes in youth worship gatherings often focused on a specific Christian lifestyle, on its boundaries and its spaces. Some reflections with regard to the question 'Why is learning faith a dominant element in youth worship?' were given. The conclusions that the cognitive element is important in youth worship and that the explicit aspect of learning is a main approach in youth worship were discussed in relation to J. Astley's (1984) theoretical notion that the language of worship is 'performing non-cognitive'. <![CDATA[<b>Traumatised between culture and religion</b>: <b>women's stories</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The majority of churches in South Africa offer some form of healing, be it diaconal, ritual or faith healing. Western and township views on healing differ significantly in terms of the natural and supernatural causes of and cures for illnesses. This article tells the stories of township women who were trapped between the binaries presented by Western, cultural and township healings, and their choicelessness in terms of abortion, adoption, abuse, death and sex. Through narrative counseling, based on social construction theories, the women experienced healing by exploring the healing spaces between the binaries of cultural contexts and Western medicine, through the liberty afforded them by the perspective of a preferred way of being. <![CDATA[<b>Motivational factors for a sports ministry</b>: <b>a case study of churches in Pretoria</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The purpose of this study was to investigate church leaders' perceptions of motivational factors for a sports ministry in churches in Pretoria. A survey questionnaire was developed by the researchers to investigate the above perceptions. The survey consisted of demographic questions and perception questions using a structured and a semi-structured questionnaire. The results of the survey were assessed by calculating the significance of each motivational factor for a sports ministry in the church, as perceived by the respondents. Participants were recruited from 32 church leaders from a wide variety of denominational and cultural backgrounds in Pretoria. Results showed that a sports ministry could assist the church in evangelism and fulfilling the Great Commission. Over 95% of all respondents agreed that a sports ministry would have a positive impact on evangelism. The results of the survey showed that the participants from the churches in Pretoria are supportive of a sports ministry as a general strategy to help churches to promote evangelism and outreach, to cross cultural barriers, to keep in touch with society and to provide a place for teaching life skills and develop leaders. <![CDATA[<b>(Gender) partnership as a transforming paradigm for development in the Church and society</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This research article made the case for (gender) partnership as an integral part of effective people-centred participatory development theory. Over the years, development has been taught and practiced in different ways. In the contemporary African context, it is a term that is frequently used and even misused by many people and organisations that are involved in development programmes, which truncate rather than transform the people and communities they claim to develop. This article presented a brief survey of some definitions and views on development and argued for a holistic approach to development, one which is anchored on partnership as an essential element in God's mission; that is, the missio Dei. It highlighted the reasons for, ideals of and obstacles to true partnership in development. <![CDATA[<b>A narrative hermeneutical adventure</b>: <b>seafarers and their complex relationship with their families</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This research project is an attempt to develop a rich understanding about the relationship between seafarers and their families by means of a conversational construction between a number of co-researchers. In order to do this, the question that is explored is: How can there be a better understanding of the lives, the circumstances and the problems that seafarers are experiencing in the relationship with their families? The answer put forward in this research is that this can be accomplished through a narrative approach guided by the ABDCE formula which applies the metaphor of story writing to research. The research was motivated by pastoral and missionary concerns. The epistemologies that informed this research were social constructionism, the narrative approach and postfoundationalism with its emphasis on the interdisciplinary approach. In this article the main character for this research was a seafarer called John┬╣ from Nigeria who was brought into conversation with a number of other co-researchers. The understanding that was developed found that the career choice of seafarers creates problems in their relationship with their family because they become in a sense strangers and outsiders to their loved ones. On the other hand seafarers are empowered, many times through their faith, to handle the challenges of their career, in addition to which this profession offers opportunities that would otherwise not have been possible. The relationship between a seafarer and his or her family was described as a complex one and thin, superficial and stereotypical conclusions were hopefully in the process deconstructed. <![CDATA[<b>Building the local church in South Korea through a needs-oriented diaconal ministry</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200008&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt According to Acts 20:28, God acquired the Church for himself with the blood of his own Son, whilst Ephesians 4:13, 15 proposes that the Church, the body of Christ, has to grow towards the measure of the fullness of Christ and into Christ. For this to succeed, there must be a comprehensive approach to building the local church, even though it may not have a single element that could account for congregational development. Building the local church (BLC) through a needs-oriented diaconal ministry (NDM) that meets effectively the needs of the community and its people by providing the essential functions of the church, such as koinonia, diakonia, kerygma and leitourgia in synergy, will be helpful to congregational development, functioning as a living organism that leads church members to vitality and equips them to fulfil the variety of works available in the body of Christ. This article focused on two key factors that can be used to develop a sound and effective BLC through NDM, namely, (1) BLC through NDM supports a sound theory of congregational development and (2) BLC through NDM makes for an effective strategy to promote congregational studies. To this end, this article presented and interpreted data from a case study of the baby schools of Choongshin Church and Daegwang Church and the pregnant women's group of Daegwang Church in South Korea, in order to prove the soundness and effectiveness of BLC through NDM and suggest a diagram of BLC through NDM. When BLC through NDM is utilised fully and applied to the missionary strategy in urban areas, more people will become meaningfully involved in Christian life and membership of the churches. <![CDATA[<b>Friendships and Fellowship</b>: <b>living <i>koinonia, martyria</i> and <i>diakonia</i> in the Corinthian Church of South Africa -from the perspective of social capital</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200009&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt In this article, I argued that the rituals of baptism, After-burial ritual cleansing ceremonies, and the burning of the heifer [isitshisa], performed by members of the Corinthians Church of South Africa based in Durban and Phepheni, near Kokstad, generate friendships and fellowship [koinonia], and that these in turn promote witness [martyria] and service [diakonia] to the community. <![CDATA[<b>Ministerial formation of theological students through distance education</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200010&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Ministerial formation is a multifaceted activity involving critical thinking, the acquisition of knowledge, skills development, religious identity formation and the development of ministerial and spiritual maturity expected of church ministers. Education is not merely the accumulation of a prescribed set of academic credits but includes the holistic formation of all aspects of the individual. However, theological educators are concerned about the capacity to foster such values and skills in the distance and electronic environment. Some see distance education as 'distancing' the students in more significant ways than simply geographic distance. These issues are of fundamental importance for they reflect the deeper convictions of theologians that distance education may not be a suitable medium for ministerial formation. This article creates a conceptual map of the theological and pedagogical challenges for ministerial formation and highlights how the possibility of formation is being carried out in the distance-learning environment. <![CDATA[<b>Reclaiming space for learning in liturgical contexts</b>: <b>cracks in the maxim of the uselessness of liturgical ritual</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200011&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The problem addressed in this article is, that empirical and theoretical research appears to demonstrate that liturgy often aims at certain results. This, however, puts the widely accepted notion in Liturgical Studies of the so-called uselessness of liturgical ritual under pressure. Against this background in Liturgical Studies the aim of this article is to reclaim space in academic discourses on liturgy for learning in liturgical contexts. The latter is done by presenting several liturgical models, revisiting arguments regarding the (non) functionality of ritual or religion and also by reflecting on ritual-liturgical data that the authors personally collected as part of two research projects. <![CDATA[<b>The use of narrative hermeneutical approach in the counselling of abortion patients within an African context</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200012&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Our country has celebrated democracy for more than a decade now, the democracy in which everyone enjoys all the basic human rights, including the right to an abortion. Public and private hospitals and some traditional healers are engaged in this act where some give pre-abortion and post-abortion counselling to their patients whilst others do not. It becomes a serious question of course to ask whether those patients who did not receive counselling, cope with life after the experienced trauma. By the looks of things it seems very clear that the people who commit abortion have a special need for help in order to cope with life thereafter. Another question now is whether the little counselling that they receive in the hospital before and after an abortion is satisfactory to their individual needs. That is why the author's focus is on the method or approach which the author thinks will better help the patients who find themselves in such a traumatic situation. The concentration is on the narrative-hermeneutical approach as one of the applicable approaches from the author's point of view. <![CDATA[<b>The early Browning</b>: <b>pastoral care in a pluralistic age and the method of practical moral inquiry</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200013&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The past president of the International Academy of Practical Theology, Prof. Donald Browning, has written books and articles across a wide variety of topics concerning the correlation of many great fields of knowledge, including theology, psychology, philosophy, sociology, practical theology, ethics, family therapy and ecology over the past 40 years. Prof. Browning passed away on 03 June 2010. This left the author of this article with a desire to begin to reassess some of Browning's earlier reflections regarding his vision of pastoral care in a pluralistic age and the importance of his method of practical moral inquiry. <![CDATA[<b>Using metaphor and narrative ideas in trauma and family therapy</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200014&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Everyday people living in South Africa experience trauma, either first hand through accidents, crime, violence and abuse or through being witnesses to the traumatic event. This results in people in South Africa suffering from anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other severe mental health issues. One only has to read a newspaper, watch or listen to the news to get a glimpse of the landscape of trauma in our country. In this article I looked at using narrative ideas and metaphor in therapy with trauma and family therapy. <![CDATA[<b>The future of the small rural congregation</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200015&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The article addressed the plight of small rural congregations by relating the results of three visits to ten congregations in the Western Cape and Karoo region of South Africa. The research goal was to help these congregations theologically become missional and kingdom focussed. As such it implied a transformation process, moving from a nationalistic-denominational and maintenance-institutional stance to that of getting the whole community's involvement to address the burning local issues that affect all. The issues that surfaced and the process that was followed are described. <![CDATA[<b>Listening to Africa's children in the process of practical theological interpretation</b>: <b>a South African application</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200016&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt As part of the theological task of developing a publicly oriented ministry that will do justice to the social plight of children in Africa, this article adopted as its point of departure an appreciation of the new 'hermeneutics of listening' that is advanced today by an interdisciplinary movement of scholars from the disciplines of practical theology, theological ethics and religion studies. Emphasising the fact that this new hermeneutics is by and large the result of this scholarly movement's newly-found engagement with, and exposure to, the social science field of childhood studies, the article moved from a more general appreciation of the new hermeneutical line of thinking to a more pertinent evaluation of the unfolding of this line of thinking in the scholarly context of Africa. In a further development that narrows the African focus to South Africa, the results from a recent empirical investigation amongst members of the South African practical theological academy were discussed in particular to determine the extent of this group's shift to the new line of thinking. This led the article to make a concluding statement, in the light of its overt practical theological interest, about the way in which the new 'hermeneutics of listening' to children could still be seen as an important ongoing challenge, not only for practical theological scholarship in South Africa but also within the larger context of Africa. <![CDATA[<b>Theoretical signposts for tracing spirituality within the fluid decision-making of a mobile virtual reality</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200017&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt In the context of the interconnected world of the information age, and demarcated by a virtual existence through the use of the Internet, decision-making has become even more dynamic. In an evolving era of virtuality, with special emphasis on the increasing role of mobile communication technology, it is indicated that decision-making has become fluid. As part of the phenomenon of fluid decision-making, not only is the evolutionary character of virtual connectivity acknowledged, but the ever-increasing and important role of mobile platforms is also emphasised. In a hermeneutical practical theology of lived spirituality, focusing on the praxis of everyday living, the possible role of spirituality in informing the fluid decisionmaking processes in a mobile virtual world was traced. A qualitatively inspired analysis, using data collected from various virtual forums, was proposed. In the description of these contours, special emphasis was placed on narrative-inspired biographical accents. The research made a contribution in terms of possible new articulations of the language of faith as embodied in fluid decision-making in a mobile virtual reality. <![CDATA[<b>Rethinking poverty, power and privilege</b>: <b>a feminist post-structuralist research exploration</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200018&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt In this article, I described how the use of feminist methodology and post-structuralist analyses of the experiences of women in a poor 'Coloured' community in my research led to new understandings of the experiences of poverty and privilege. I discovered the relevance of Foucault's historical analysis of the operation of 'pastoral power' through the narratives of women from the Scottsville community. Historical and current accounts of so-called 'Coloured' women's subjugation and categorisation are reminders of how it came about that 'being Coloured' became associated in South Africa with shame and with 'knowing one's place'. Feminist post-structuralist analyses made visible the conditions that created practices of injustice in poor women's lives whilst, at the same time, creating conditions of privilege for me. Justice-making in Scottsville therefore started with a radical rethinking of the terms by which people's marginalisation took place and, consequently also of the terms of 'just' cross-cultural engagements. <![CDATA[<b>From periphery to the centre</b>: <b>towards repositioning churches for a meaningful contribution to public health care</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200019&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The role of communities in health care has gained prominence in the last few years. Churches as community structures have been identified as instrumental in health-care delivery. Whilst it is widely acknowledged that churches provide important health services, particularly in countries where there are poorly-developed health sectors, the role of churches in health care is poorly understood and often overlooked. This article discusses some causes of this lacuna and makes suggestions for repositioning churches for a meaningful contribution to health care. Firstly, the article provides a context by reviewing literature on the church and health care. Secondly, it clarifies the nature of interventions and the competencies of churches. Thirdly, it discusses the operational meaning of church and churches for assessing health-care contributions. Fourthly, it explores the health-care models that are discerned in church and health-care literature. Fifthly, it discusses the contribution of churches within a multidisciplinary health team. Sixthly, it proposes an appropriate motivation that should drive churches to be involved in health care and the ecclesiological design that underpins such health care interventions. <![CDATA[<b>The folly of vulnerability beyond epistemic injustice and the power of knowledge</b>: <b>a vulnerable praxis of thinking (practical theological ethos) in global conversation</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200020&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The diverse and divided South African context of post 1994 is the context in which the texts of reality are read (knowledge is created and reality is interpreted). This particular diverse and pluralistic reading with and within the context is sensitive to the voice of the other and thus provides an inbuilt deconstruction thereby offering a vulnerable practical theological openness to the global conversation beyond certainties. This holy folly of vulnerability was explored with regards to South Africa's practical theological contribution to the global conversation. <![CDATA[<b>The practical theologian as decentred but influential facilitator</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200021&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Since the 1970s along with the resurgence in practical philosophy new possibilities opened up in our understanding of the place for and purpose of practical theology. The repositioning of practical theology as a fully worthy discipline was important to find its voice amongst theological peer disciplines. Against this background, it was argued that the full measure of what the discipline can contribute, especially outside of the ministry context, has not yet been fully developed or practiced. Towards this end the presentation's main contention was put forward, in that it is vital for the practical theologian to take up a role of an inscribed facilitator. It signifies a shift from practical theology to practical theologian and is exemplified by the practice of a facilitative approach in, and to practical theology. http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0259-94222012000200022&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt