Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Social Work ]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=0037-805420190002&lang=pt vol. 55 num. 2 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>Editorial</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt <![CDATA[<b>Fostering Awareness of Self in the Education of Social Work Students by Means of Critical Reflectivity</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Fostering awareness of self in the education of social work students has focused primarily on a micro-conceptualisation of the self, which implies that the attention was, and still is, mainly on the intrapsychic processes generated by theory and field practicum. But the development of the professional self should also encompass a macro-conceptualisation, where students have to ask themselves how they contribute to the maintenance of societal structures and how these structures influence them in the forming of their own assumptions and belief systems about the self and the world. Three categories of critical-reflectivity questions can be asked about a parable on death and dying, thereby sensitising students to the self as a product of, as well as a co-creator of, society in the grieving process. These questions furthermore resonate within an African-centred worldview in the understanding of the self. <![CDATA[<b>Enhancing Social Interventions by Informal Peace Committees in Zimbabwe: A Developmental Social Work Perspective</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Informal peace committees are community-based responsive and supportive mechanisms that deal with social issues such as interpersonal conflicts, small-scale violence, poverty, hunger and social injustice. As human-service-oriented structures designed and created to represent the interests of local people, informal peace committees have an often unseen correlation with developmental social work in tackling social issues in their host communities in Zimbabwe. This article, therefore, argues that developmental social workers should become involved in these peace committees and identify the contributions they can make as a profession in order to enhance these successful initiatives <![CDATA[<b>Suggestions by Home-Based Caregivers Caring for People Living with HIV and Aids on how Social Workers could Support them in Managing their Work-Related Challenges</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt A lacuna in the indigenous social work literature on how home-based caregivers caring for people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) would like to be supported by social workers in their caregiving duties led to the launching of a qualitative investigation. This investigation was conducted in South Africa to look into (i) the challenges experienced by caregivers in exercising their duties of caring for PLWHA, (ii) how they manage such challenges, and (iii) suggestions on how social workers can support them. This article presents findings specifically pertaining to suggestions made by the caregivers on how social workers can support them. <![CDATA[<b>Reflections of Adult Children Raised in Female-Headed Families</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The literature indicates that children growing up in female-headed families are at risk of experiencing social problems, lower academic achievement and delinquent behaviour. A qualitative exploratory-descriptive study was conducted to gain insight into the perspectives of adult children who grew up in female-headed families. Purposive and snowball sampling were utilised to recruit suitable participants. Data from 12 participants aged between 25 and 35 years revealed the strengths of these families, which are often overlooked and downplayed. The findings show that the participants developed independence and self-reliance emanating from their mothers' survival strategies, resilience and perseverance. <![CDATA[<b>Cultural Specific Attitudes of Batswana People Towards Adoption</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The aim of this study was to describe the cultural attitude of Batswana people towards adoption. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design and is descriptive in nature. It followed a quantitative approach and reached 83 respondents representative of designated organisations rendering services to adoptive parents in Ikageng, Potchefstroom. A questionnaire containing closed-ended questions was used. Demographical information was included to test the construct validity on different variables, namely the birthparent, adoptive parent and the adopted child. The findings of the study indicated that the Batswana community have a positive attitude towards adoption. <![CDATA[<b>Understanding the Sexuality of Persons with Intellectual Disability in Residential Facilities: Perceptions of Service Providers and People with Disabilities</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The sexual expression of persons with intellectual disability is a neglected area, more particularly in residential facilities. This article is based on research to explore the perceptions of sexuality of persons with disability in residential facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. Results pointed to stereotyping, infantilisation and the sexuality of persons with disability not being prioritised at institutions, as evidenced in oppressive practices and policies pertaining to lack of privacy, denial of intimate relationships, lack of sexuality policies and paucity of sexual health education programmes at the residential facilities. <![CDATA[<b>Dual Diagnosis: How Adults Diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder Experience In-patient Substance Abuse Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorder</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200008&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Dual diagnosis has become a topic of interest in recent years. In South Africa individuals diagnosed with dual diagnosis are left without adequate services as a result of the separation of substance abuse and mental health treatment services. Through a phenomenological study the authors aimed to explore how adults diagnosed with both bipolar disorder and stimulant use disorder experienced treatment at treatment centres. Considered from a bio-psychosocial perspective, the findings give insight into service users' living world with a dual diagnosis, their experiences, their unique needs for treatment and requirements to maintain abstinence. Recommendations for social work services at treatment centres are offered. <![CDATA[<b>Factors that could Contribute to Substance Misuse and Criminal Activity Amongst Adolescents: An Ecological Perspective</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200009&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The increase of criminal behaviour and substance misuse amongst adolescents is of great concern for social service providers. According to the ecological perspective, several factors could contribute to substance misuse and criminal activity amongst adolescents, impacting negatively on their lives. A qualitative study was done to explore and describe the perceptions of social service providers of the factors that could contribute to substance misuse and criminal activity amongst adolescents. Twenty participants took part in this study and certain criteria for inclusion applied. The data were categorised into three themes, namely micro, meso and macro level. Relevant conclusions and recommendations were made. <![CDATA[<b>Terblanche, L. (2018). Creating Legacy in EAP Business: The South African approach towards Employee Assistance</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542019000200010&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The increase of criminal behaviour and substance misuse amongst adolescents is of great concern for social service providers. According to the ecological perspective, several factors could contribute to substance misuse and criminal activity amongst adolescents, impacting negatively on their lives. A qualitative study was done to explore and describe the perceptions of social service providers of the factors that could contribute to substance misuse and criminal activity amongst adolescents. Twenty participants took part in this study and certain criteria for inclusion applied. The data were categorised into three themes, namely micro, meso and macro level. Relevant conclusions and recommendations were made.