Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Social Work ]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/rss.php?pid=0037-805420160003&lang=pt vol. 52 num. 3 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.za <![CDATA[<b>Challenges couples face in managing family routines after the transition to parenthood</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Family routines improve family stability. However, it is unclear what impedes the formation of stable routines after life transitions. In this paper we discuss normative challenges that 10, mostly low-income, couples face in managing routines after becoming parents. Qualitative analysis revealed three themes: temporal incongruence, schedule derailment, and factors that increase task and temporal complexity. The seven sub-themes of the latter theme were transport limitations, workplace schedules, extended family involvement, child-related difficulties, health complications, incongruence between family member needs, and a composite of these factors. Results underscore the need to address context-specific family challenges related to time restrictions and scheduling. <![CDATA[<b>Parents' understanding of temperament and preference functions of their children</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Despite support for the existence and clinical importance of temperament differences in children, the phenomenon is not well understood. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents of children aged 9-15 years. The data analysis before intervention revealed that none of the parents participating in this study identified temperament as a possible variable that influenced their child's behaviour. Children then completed the prototype temperament sorter. Parents received verbal feedback regarding their children's temperament and preference functions. Interviews were again conducted. The parents changed their focus and became more aware of the child's nature and started to validate the child's unique being. <![CDATA[<b>Risks and vulnerabilities of children in Zambia: mooting responsive social protection interventions</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Social protection has not only assumed another dimension characterised by income transfers, but has also aroused intense interest among researchers, policy makers and practitioners. In spite of this development, and its evident effectiveness in averting poverty, risks and vulnerabilities, interventions for children have been disappointingly limited. This study attempts to review the literature on the risks and vulnerabilities that affect children in Zambia. It argues that risks and vulnerabilities vary according to age, gender and residence, among other things. Therefore it proposes a design of social protection interventions that would take into account the multiplicity of vulnerabilities in Zambia. <![CDATA[<b>Exploring adolescents' participation in decision-making in the home schooling context</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The purpose of this study was to explore the participation of adolescents in decision-making in the home school context. The sample consisted of 21 participants from 8 families in the Western Cape. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Five themes were identified through thematic analysis. Families disagree about the role that children are allowed to play in decision-making. Views on their participation in decision-making varied from children being the main decision-makers to children having no right to participate. Recommendations include parenting workshops to create awareness that children's evolving capacities and participation in decision-making should be respected to meet the children's growing need for independence. <![CDATA[<b>Operationalising cluster foster care schemes as an alternative form of care</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Although South African policy and legislation make provision for cluster foster care schemes (CFCSs) as a form of alternative care that provides children with care within a family context, clear guidelines regarding their operationalisation are lacking. This study explores the elements necessary to operationalise CFCSs. The discussion is based on a qualitative research study among managers of existing CFCSs. Findings provide an insight into the nature of CFCSs, management practices, the utilisation of different network structures in the community and support to and from the community. <![CDATA[<b>Risk factors for relapse among young African adults following in-patient treatment for drug abuse in the Gauteng Province</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt More than 20% of admissions into treatment centres are re-admissions, with high incidences among young African adults in the Gauteng Province. Drug abuse and relapse have a negative impact on the achievement of social development goals in South Africa, and make serious demands on social work services. This study determined the risk factors for relapse among young African adults following in-patient treatment for drug abuse, specifically according to gender in order to propose localised and gender-specific treatment programmes and aftercare/reintegration services. A survey was undertaken with 44 respondents, who completed a group-administered questionnaire, at treatment centres across the Gauteng Province. <![CDATA[<b>The social functioning of women with breast cancer in the context of the life world: a social work perspective</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women worldwide (CANSA, 2010). The goal of this study was to explore the social functioning of women with breast cancer. A qualitative research approach was followed with a collective case study research design. In this study non-probability, purposive sampling was used to select participants. One of the themes generated was the impact of breast cancer on social functioning in the context of the life world. This theme includes changes in personality; feeling like a woman; changes in spiritual aspects; and self-image. Research showed that there were mainly positive changes experienced. <![CDATA[<b>Relational aspects of family functioning and family satisfaction with a sample of families in the Western Cape</b>]]> http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-80542016000300008&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Family functioning may affect how satisfied family members are within the family. This study assessed the relational aspects between family functioning and family satisfaction with a conveniently sampled group of families. This study applied a quantitative methodology with a cross-sectional correlational design. The sample consisted of 204 participants (57% females, 50% Black Africans and 39% speaking isiXhosa). The average age was 31 years (SD=11.07). The results suggest that families could be at risk in terms of family functioning and this predicted being satisfied with the family. Implications for social work practice are provided.