Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Social Work ]]> vol. 56 num. 2 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[<b>Editorial</b>]]> <![CDATA[<b>The dilemma faced by Npos in retaining social workers: a call to revisit the retention strategy</b>]]> The high turnover of social workers in the non-profit organisations (NPOs) sector in South Africa is a major problem that requires further investigation despite the number of studies that have already been conducted in this area. This qualitative study seeks to contribute to the retention of social workers in the NPO sector, and is based on an exploratory survey of the various factors that lead to high social worker turnover. The findings of this paper confirm that NPOs are faced with several challenges in relation to the retention of social workers, and this calls for revisiting the existing retention strategy. <![CDATA[<b>The foundations and nature of south african school social work: an overview</b>]]> The article provides the background for judging the current and future roles and functions of school social workers in South Africa. It covers the history and nature of South African school social work and the policy dictates that govern local practice, as well as the challenges faced by learners and the roles, tasks and functions practitioners could, and should, perform to address these challenges. Moreover, the article attempts to indicate the basis for the further development of this speciality within the local profession, as well as promote research in this field <![CDATA[<b>A collaborative partnership between school social workers and educators: a vehicle to address the social contexts of learners and quality of education in South Africa</b>]]> Education is a core indicator of a society's well-being. Globally, it is an established practice to include school social work into the education system. In South Africa, however, it is rarely integrated into the education system. This is a conceptual paper focusing on the social context of school-going children, reflecting on the existing well thought-through frameworks of psychosocial support and care and integrated service delivery of the South African Departments of Education and Social Development, and also questioning why collaboration between the Departments to implement the frameworks in the school environment appears to be a complicated and slow process. <![CDATA[<b>The legal and ethical obligations of school social workers</b>]]> In recent years social workers have been appointed in some schools on the assumption that social work services can contribute towards improving education in schools by supporting the psychosocial development of learners. Social workers not only place a high priority on ethical conduct, but as custodians of the Children's Act, they also have distinct legal obligations towards children. However, social work ethics and these legal obligations could create ethical dilemmas. This narrative review article provides the background to school social work and explains some of the legal and ethical obligations that social workers face in this environment. A few common ethical dilemmas are also discussed. <![CDATA[<b>842 re-positioning social work in the agenda to deal with violence against women and South Africa's triple challenges</b>]]> Violence against women (VAW) and the South African triple challenges of poverty, unemployment and inequality are on the national agenda and require urgent attention from all stakeholders. Although social work is ethically bound to deal with VAW, poverty, unemployment and inequality, its voice in the fight against them is silent. Current interventions to address these social challenges have gaps. This article reviews literature to re-position social work in the agenda to deal with VAW and the triple challenges. It is time that South Africa face up to these issues with social work playing its central role in winning the battle. <![CDATA[<b>The role of social workers in curbing girl marriages: a famsa case study</b>]]> Girl marriage is a global problem which is also prevalent in South Africa. It imposes on the rights of children and is recognised as a harmful practice (United Nations, 2015). This paper reports on a case study with social workers of the Families and Marriage Society of South Africa (FAMSA) in the Eastern Cape and Gauteng. The study concludes that the developmental approach presents a framework for social workers to curb girl marriages. Resources, coordination among stakeholders, monitoring ofprogrammes, interventions and policies are required to curb girl marriage. A rights-based policy and enforcement and monitoring of existing policies that protect children are key to ending the practice of girl marriage. <![CDATA[<b>The role of traditional leadership in supporting orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe: African traditional leadership perspective</b>]]> The experiences of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zimbabwe find expression in the maxim that says 'Where two elephants fight, the grass suffers the most'. Orphans and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe have been the casualties of disharmony between traditional and contemporary leadership philosophies for more than three decades. Using a phenomenological approach, the study involved 20 key informants, who included community leaders and OVC caregivers. Underpinned by the traditional leadership perspectives, the study examined the role of traditional leaders in supporting OVC for the purposes of integrating its relevant compatible elements with modern OVC care and support systems. The study showed that there is lack of synchronicity between traditional and contemporary OVC care and support systems, which ultimately compromises the effectiveness of the social care professions in rural communities in Zimbabwe. The study recommends the establishment of an integrated contextually-based OVC care and support model to enhance the relationship between traditional and contemporary leadership in Zimbabwe. <![CDATA[<b>Resilience characteristics of families with children with severe or profound intellectual disability</b>]]> The aim of this study was to explore family characteristics and resources that assisted families to adapt after their children had been diagnosed with severe or profound intellectual disability. A qualitative research approach with a cross-sectional design was used, as the study was focused on participants' experiences. It was found that spiritual resources and reformulation of the crisis helped families to reframe their experiences with a more positive outlook. Social support from the family networks, friends and the community, and positive family characteristics, such as perseverance and humour, also contributed to family adaptation and well-being. Good planning regarding daily activities, as well as for their children's future, was also deemed important.