ISSN 1021-545X printed version
ISSN 2411-7870 online version



Scope and editorial policies

Fundamina is published annually as the mouthpiece of the Southern African Society of Legal Historians and articles presented for publication are peer–reviewed by members of the Editorial Board and other experts in legal history and Roman law.

Fundamina, A Journal of Legal History is a peer–refereed journal that publishes legal–historical research. An abstract in English is published with every article. As a rule, articles that have been published elsewhere, either in full or in part, are not acceptable for publication and on submission authors should inform the editors if a contribution has already appeared in another publication, or has been offered for publication elsewhere. The editors reserve the right to alter manuscripts accepted for publication in accordance with the journal’s house style, to correct errors, and to improve clarity.


Manuscript format and layout


Format: All contributions must be submitted electronically. The text must be justified and typed in double spacing and in font size 12. Footnotes must be justified, typed in single spacing in font size 10. Articles have footnotes but references in book reviews must be included in the text.

Abbreviations: Abbreviations should be avoided in the text, but used as extensively as possible in footnotes. The normal language rules apply to abbreviations, but no full stops are used.

Quotations: Quotations should be used sparingly and correctly. Quotations of less than forty words are indicated in the text by means of quotation marks. All quotations exceeding forty words should be placed in a separate paragraph and indented without quotation marks. Single quotation marks are used for a quotation within a quotation. Alterations to quotations should be indicated by square brackets. Quotations are not italicised.

Headings: All headings should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. No full stops are used after headings.

Italics: Quotations (including those in Latin) are not italicised. All foreign words and expressions are italicised, for example Grundgesetz, fait accompli and dolus.

Numbers: Write out numbers of up to one hundred. Use numerals for units of measurement, monetary values and percentages. Examples: Fifty–five sheep, 3 metres, £10, R20, €10, 7 kilograms, 7 per cent.


First reference: The initials (or names) and surnames of authors must be given. Titles of books are italicised and capital letters are used. The place of publication and the date must be supplied in brackets following the title. Example: J Cairns & P du Plessis The Creation of the Ius Commune (Edinburgh, 2010).

Subsequent reference(s): If only one work by an author is cited, the author’s name and the relevant footnote number are cited. Example: Feenstra (n 4) at 129. If two or more works by an author are cited in the same footnote, an abbreviated title is used in the first reference to a work. Subsequent references should contain the author’s name, the abbreviated title and footnote number. Example: Savigny System des heutigen römischen Rechts (n 9) at 37–4.

First reference: Titles of articles appear in inverted commas, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the volume not in brackets, the name of the journal in italics and the pages on which the contribution starts and ends. Only the first letter of the title and proper names are written with a capital letter. Example: John Benson “The origins of Roman legal science” (1977) 4 Harvard LR 894–907 at 896.

Subsequent reference(s): If only one article (or contribution in a book) is cited, the author’s name and the relevant footnote are cited. Example: Wilson (n 3) at 8. If two or more articles by the same author are cited in the same footnote, an abbreviated title is used in the first reference to the article. Subsequent references should contain the author’s name, the abbreviated title and the footnote number. Example: Fage “Slavery and the slave trade” (n 12) at 23–24.

The name of the journal is written in full, except for LJ, LR and Univ. Recognised abbreviations of South African law journals may be used. Examples: SALJ, THRHR, TSAR, CILSA, LQR. Numbers of volumes follow after the date. The number of the issue is used only where there is not continuous pagination. Example: (2011) 17(2) Fundamina 34–50 at 36–40.

Titles of accessed articles appear in inverted commas, followed by the website in italics, and the date it was accessed in brackets. Example: B Ndulo “African Economic Community and the promotion of intra-African trade” available at http://www. (accessed 11 Sep 2006).

The name of the case is italicised, and words like “and another” are omitted. Examples: Smit v Smit 1977 (2) SA 304 (AD); United Democratic Movement v President of the RSA (1) [2002] 11 BCLR 1179 (CC). The English references to pre–1947 cases are also used in Afrikaans texts. Example: Fennell v Bosch 1934 NPD 142.

The title of a statute is not italicised. Example: Internal Security Act 74 of 1982. In the case of subordinate legislation, the basic form changes to the following: Procl R138 GG 8331, 6 Aug 1982.



Articles must be submitted to the editor: Prof. H. van den Bergh (


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Southern African Society of Legal Historians
Department of Jurisprudence, School of Law, University of South Africa,
PO Box 392, Pretoria, Gauteng, ZA, 0003,
Tel: +27 12 433 9518